- adj. 空的；无意义的；无知的；徒劳的
- vt. 使失去；使…成为空的
- vi. 成为空的；流空
- n. 空车；空的东西
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古英语emty, 休闲，空闲。e, 没有，词源同out, ordeal(其词源同deal out), -mt, 必须，词源同must. 插入字母p缓和读音。原义为非必须的，有空的，词义由时间引申为空间。
- empty: [OE] The original meaning of Old English ǣmtig appears to have been ‘unoccupied, at leisure’, and it was only secondarily that it developed the physical connotations of ‘not full’ which have come down to us in empty. (It also meant ‘unmarried’.) It was a derivative of the noun ǣmetta ‘rest, leisure’. This is a word of uncertain history, but it has been plausibly analysed as the negative prefix ǣ- plus a derivative of the root which produced modern English mete (as in ‘mete out’), meaning something like ‘not assigned’.
- empty (adj.)
- c. 1200, from Old English æmettig "at leisure, not occupied; unmarried," also "containing nothing, unoccupied," from æmetta "leisure," from æ "not" + -metta, from motan "to have" (see might (n.)). The -p- is a euphonic insertion.
Sense evolution from "at leisure" to "containing nothing, unoccupied" is paralleled in several languages, such as Modern Greek adeios "empty," originally "freedom from fear," from deios "fear." "The adj. adeios must have been applied first to persons who enjoyed freedom from duties, leisure, and so were unoccupied, whence it was extended to objects that were unoccupied" [Buck]. Related: Emptier. Figurative sense of empty-nester attested by 1960.
- empty (n.)
- "an empty thing" that was or is expected to be full, 1865, from empty (adj.). At first of barges, freight cars, mail pouches.
- empty (v.)
- 1520s, from empty (adj.); replacing Middle English empten, from Old English geæmtigian. Related: Emptied; emptying.
- 1. Empty the contents of the pan into the sieve.
- 2. She showed him around the ground floor of the empty house.
- 3. She went to the sink and ran water into her empty glass.
- 4. His voice sounded oddly resonant in the empty room.
- 5. Her parting words left him feeling empty and alone.
[ empty 造句 ]