de-, 向下，强调。-nigr, 黑色，词源同negro. 引申词义抹黑，诽谤。
- denigrate:  To denigrate people is literally to ‘blacken’ them. The word comes from Latin dēnigrāre ‘blacken’, a compound verb formed from the intensive prefix dē- and niger ‘black’. This adjective, which is of unknown origin, also produced French noir ‘black’ and Italian nero ‘black’, and is the source (via Spanish negro) of English negro  and the now taboo nigger . Denigrate originally meant ‘physically turn something black’ as well as the metaphorical ‘defame, belittle’: ‘This lotion will denigrate the hairs of hoary heads’, Richard Tomlinson, Renodaeus’ Medicinal dispensatory 1657.
=> negro, nigger
- denigrate (v.)
- 1520s, from Latin denigratus, past participle of denigrare "to blacken, defame," from de- "completely" (see de-) + nigr-, stem of niger "black" (see Negro). which is of unknown origin. "Apparently disused in 18th c. and revived in 19th c." [OED]. Related: Denigrated; denigrating.
- 1. I didn't intend to denigrate her achievements.
- 2. To assert this is to denigrate the effectiveness of the police.
- 3. It was unkind to denigrate her achievement.
- 4. The Canadian Supreme Court ruled that the State can ban pornographic images which "denigrate women".
- 5. The amendment prohibits obscene or indecent materials which denigrate the objects or beliefs of a particular religion.
[ denigrate 造句 ]