- n. 方言，土话；同源语；行话；个人用语特征
- adj. 方言的
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. dialect 本义为：way of speaking (说话方式), 由此引申为：方言。
2. acrolect (上层方言)：acro- "topmost" (最高点) + dialect.
3. basilect (下层方言)：basi- "lower part" (底部) + dialect.
4. idiolect (个人语型)：idio- "one's own" (自身的，个人的) + dialect.
dia-, 穿过，相互。-lect, 说，词源同lecture, legible. 即人与人之的对话交流，后用来指区域性的语言，即方言。
- dialect:  The notion underlying dialect and its relatives dialectic  and dialogue  is of ‘conversation’. They come ultimately from Greek dialégesthai ‘converse’, a compound verb formed from the prefix dia- ‘with each other’ and légein ‘speak’ (source of English lecture and a wide range of related words). This formed the basis of two derived nouns.
First diálektos ‘conversation, discourse’, hence ‘way of speaking’ and eventually ‘local speech’, which passed into English via Latin dialectus and Old French dialecte (from it was produced the adjective dialektikós ‘of conversation, discussion, or debate’, which was eventually to become English dialectic). Secondly diálogos ‘conversation’, which again reached English via Latin and Old French.
- dialect (n.)
- 1570s, "form of speech of a region or group," from Middle French dialecte, from Latin dialectus "local language, way of speaking, conversation," from Greek dialektos "talk, conversation, speech;" also "the language of a country, dialect," from dialegesthai "converse with each other," from dia- "across, between" (see dia-) + legein "speak" (see lecture (n.)).
- 1. In the fifties, many Italians spoke only local dialect.
- 2. Cockney is the colourful dialect spoken in the East End of London.
- 3. He wrote a play in a local dialect.
- 4. After all these years she had reverted to her Veneto dialect and nobody could understand what she was saying.
- 5. The dialect is spoken principally in the rural areas.
[ dialect 造句 ]