英 [gɪft] 美 [ɡɪft]
  • n. 礼物;天赋;赠品
  • vt. 赋予;向…赠送
  • n. (Gift)人名;(英)吉夫特
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
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1. give => gift.
2. thrive => thrift.
gift 礼物


gift: [13] Prehistoric Germanic *geb-, the source from which English gets the verb give, produced the derivative *geftiz. This passed into Old English as gift, which, as far as is known, meant only ‘bride price’, and seems to have died out by the Middle English period. Modern English gift represents a borrowing of the related Old Norse gipt or gift. (Modern German, Swedish, and Danish gift and Dutch gif are used euphemistically for ‘poison’.)
=> give
gift (n.)
mid-13c. "that which is given" (c. 1100 in surnames), from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse gift, gipt "gift; good luck," from Proto-Germanic *giftiz (cognates: Old Saxon gift, Old Frisian jefte, Middle Dutch ghifte "gift," German Mitgift "dowry"), from PIE root *ghabh- "to give or receive" (see habit). For German Gift, Dutch, Danish, Swedish gift "poison," see poison (n.).

Sense of "natural talent" (regarded as conferred) is from c. 1300, perhaps from earlier sense of "inspiration, power miraculously bestowed" (late 12c.), as in the Biblical gift of tongues. Old English cognate gift is recorded only in the sense "bride-price, marriage gift (by the groom), dowry" (hence gifta (pl.) "a marriage, nuptials"). The Old English noun for "a giving, gift" was giefu, which is related to the Old Norse word. Sense of "natural talent" is c. 1300, perhaps from earlier sense of "inspiration" (late 12c.). The proverbial gift horse was earlier given horse:
No man ought to looke a geuen hors in the mouth. [Heywood, 1546]
The modern form perhaps traces to Butler's "Hudibras" (1663), where the tight iambic tetrameter required a shorter phrase:
He ne'er consider'd it, as loth
To look a Gift-horse in the mouth.
gift (v.)
"bestow a gift," 16c., from gift (n.). Related: Gifted; gifting.
1. In the examination paper Qestion 2 was a gift.
考卷中第二道题是个送分题. (本句中的gift不 可换用present)


2. Her grandmother had the gift of making people happy.


3. They are naturally good salesmen with the gift of the gab.


4. The surprise gift is a thankyou for our help.


5. Are men god's gift to women? Some of them think they are.


[ gift 造句 ]