CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、cap- + -able.
2、含义：able to grasp or hold, able to hold much.
来自词根cap, 持，握，抓。词源同accept, capture.
- capable:  In common with a wide range of other English words, from capture to recuperate, capable comes from Latin capere ‘take’, a relative of English heave. An adjective derived from the verb was Latin capāx ‘able to hold much’, from which English gets capacious  and capacity . From its stem capāci- was formed the late Latin adjective capābilis, also originally ‘able to contain things’.
This meaning still survived when the word passed, via French capable, into English (‘They are almost capable of a bushel of wheat’, Thomas Wright, The Passions of the Mind 1601), but by the end of the 18th century it had died out, having passed into the current ‘able to, susceptible of’.
=> capacious, capacity, capture, chase, heave, recuperate
- capable (adj.)
- 1560s, from Middle French capable or directly from Late Latin capabilis "receptive; able to grasp or hold," used by theologians, from Latin capax "able to hold much, broad, wide, roomy;" also "receptive, fit for;" adjectival form of capere "to grasp, lay hold, take, catch; undertake; take in, hold; be large enough for; comprehend," from PIE *kap- "to grasp" (cognates: Sanskrit kapati "two handfuls;" Greek kaptein "to swallow, gulp down;" Lettish kampiu "seize;" Old Irish cacht "servant-girl," literally "captive;" Welsh caeth "captive, slave;" Gothic haban "have, hold;" Old English hæft "handle," habban "to have, hold," Modern English have). Related: Capably.
- 1. I believe I am capable of calculating the political consequences accurately.
- 2. All dogs are capable of doing harm to human beings.
- 3. She has an aged parent who's capable of being very difficult.
- 4. It is hard to imagine Lineker capable of anything so extreme.
- 5. The larger firm was capable of providing a better range of services.
[ capable 造句 ]