CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- listen: [OE] The Indo-European base *kludenoted ‘hearing’ (it is the ultimate source of English loud). From its extended form *kluswere derived in prehistoric Germanic the noun *khlustiz ‘hearing’, which eventually produced the now archaic English verb list ‘listen’, and the verb *khlusnōjan ‘hear’, which became English listen.
- listen (v.)
- Old English hlysnan "to listen," from Proto-Germanic *khlusinon (cognates: Dutch luisteren, Old High German hlosen "to listen," German lauschen "to listen"), from PIE root *kleu- "hearing, to hear" (cognates: Sanskrit srnoti "hears," srosati "hears, obeys;" Avestan sraothra "ear;" Middle Persian srod "hearing, sound;" Lithuanian klausau "to hear," slove "splendor, honor;" Old Church Slavonic slusati "to hear," slava "fame, glory," slovo "word;" Greek klyo "hear, be called," kleos "report, rumor, fame glory," kleio "make famous;" Latin cluere "to hear oneself called, be spoken of;" Old Irish ro-clui-nethar "hears," clunim "I hear," clu "fame, glory," cluada "ears;" Welsh clywaf "I hear;" Old English hlud "loud," hleoðor "tone, tune;" Old High German hlut "sound;" Gothic hiluþ "listening, attention"). The -t- probably is by influence of Old English hlystan (see list (v.2)). For vowel evolution, see bury. As a noun from 1788 (on the listen "alert").
- 1. When I asked him to stop, he would not listen.
- 2. Listen here, young lady. Don't you call me that!
- 3. Listen to criticism but don't be crushed by it.
- 4. A patient will usually listen to the doctor'sadvice and act on it.
- 5. He got his coffee, came back and settled down to listen.
[ listen 造句 ]