英 ['epɪtɑːf; -tæf]
1. epi- "at, over, on" (see epi-) + taphos "tomb, funeral rites".
epi-, 在上，在中。-taph, 墓碑，词源同cenotaph.
- epitaph:  Greek táphos meant ‘tomb’, and so an oration that was epitáphios (an adjective formed with the prefix epí- ‘over’) was given ‘over the tomb’. Eventually the adjective was made into a noun, epitáphion, and this reached English via Latin epitaphium and Old French epitaphe.
- epitaph (n.)
- "inscription on a tomb or monument," mid-14c., from Old French epitaphe (12c.) and directly from Medieval Latin epitaphium "funeral oration, eulogy," from Greek epitaphion "a funeral oration," noun use of neuter of epitaphios (logos) "(words) spoken on the occasion of a funeral," from epi "at, over" (see epi-) + taphos "tomb, funeral rites," from PIE root *dhembh- "to bury." Related: Epitaphial. Among the Old English equivalents was byrgelsleoð.
- 1. As Wren's epitaph famously declares, the cathedral itself is his monument.
- 2. These slums are an epitaph to the housing policy of the 1960s.
- 3. He wanted these lines as his epitaph.
- 4. She wrote the perfect epitaph for the poet.
- 5. His epitaph should be: He did us good.
- 他的墓志铭应当是: 他为我们做了好事.
[ epitaph 造句 ]