vagrant

英 ['veɪgr(ə)nt] 美 ['veɡrənt]
  • adj. 流浪的;漂泊的;游荡的
  • n. 游民;流浪者;无赖;漂泊者
TEM8 GRE
星级词汇:
vagrant
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1. vac-, van- => vague => vagabond.
2. vague => vagabond.
3. gerundive suffix -bundus => -bond.
4. vague => vagary, vagrant.
vagrant 流浪者

通常认为来自古法语walcrer,漫游者,流浪者,词源同walk,拼写受拉丁语vagus影响。

vagrant (n.)
mid-15c., "person who lacks regular employment, one without fixed abode, a tramp," probably from Anglo-French vageraunt, also wacrant, walcrant, which is said in many sources to be a noun use of the past participle of Old French walcrer "to wander," from Frankish (Germanic) *walken, from the same source as Old Norse valka "wander" and English walk (v.).

Under this theory the word was influenced by Old French vagant, vagaunt "wandering," from Latin vagantem (nominative vagans), past participle of vagari "to wander, stroll about" (see vagary). But on another theory the Anglo-French word ultimately is from Old French vagant, with an intrusive -r-. Middle English also had vagaunt "wandering, without fixed abode" (late 14c.), from Old French vagant.
vagrant (adj.)
early 15c., from Anglo-French vagarant, waucrant, and sharing with it the history to be found under vagrant (n.). Dogberry's corruption vagrom ("Much Ado about Nothing") persisted through 19c. in learned jocularity.
1. A vagrant is everywhere at home.
流浪者四海为家.

来自《简明英汉词典》

2. In the old society, owing to cruel exploitation and succesive years of tangled warfare among warloads, the labouring people led a vagrant life.
在旧社会, 残酷的剥削和连年不断的军阀混战, 使劳动人民过着颠沛流离的生活.

来自《现代汉英综合大词典》

3. He lived on the street as a vagrant.
他以在大街上乞讨为生。

来自辞典例句

4. We met a band of vagrant beggars there.
我们在那里遇到了一伙流浪的乞丐.

来自辞典例句

5. The degree of contrast will also be diminished by the presence of some vagrant ordinary light.
反差度还将因某些杂散自然光的存在而降低.

来自辞典例句

[ vagrant 造句 ]