英 [ɪk'striːm; ek-]
- adj. 极端的；极度的；偏激的；尽头的
- n. 极端；末端；最大程度；极端的事物
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
extra-, 外面的，超过的。-m, 最高级后缀，见intimate, ultimate.
- extreme:  Etymologically, extreme is the latinate equivalent of the native English utmost. It comes via Old French extreme from Latin extrēmus ‘farthest, last, excessive’, which began life as a superlative form based on Latin ex ‘out’ – hence originally ‘most out, utmost’. The underlying notion of ‘furthest outlying’ still survives in, for example, the use of extremities for the ‘hands’ or ‘feet’.
- extreme (adj.)
- early 15c., "outermost, farthest;" also "utter, total, in greatest degree" (opposed to moderate), from Old French extreme (13c.), from Latin extremus "outermost, utmost, farthest, last; the last part; extremity, boundary; highest or greatest degree," superlative of exterus (see exterior). In English as in Latin, not always felt as a superlative, hence more extreme, most extreme (which were condemned by Johnson). Extreme unction preserves the otherwise extinct sense of "last, latest" (15c.).
- extreme (n.)
- 1540s, "utmost point of a thing," from extreme (adj.); originally of the end of life (compare Latin in extremis in reference to the "last stages of life"). Phrase in the extreme "in an extreme degree" attested from c. 1600. Hence extremes "extremities, opposite ends of anything" (1550s); also "extreme measures" (1709).
- 1. The extreme right reared its ugly head in the 1980s.
- 2. It is hard to imagine Lineker capable of anything so extreme.
- 3. In her extreme youth, Maria had sold her sexual favours for money.
- 4. The far right is now a greater threat than the extreme left.
- 5. They gathered to protest against the renaissance of the extreme right.
[ extreme 造句 ]