• vt. 陪伴;护送
  • n. 年长女伴(陪伴未婚少女上社交场所的);监护人(青年社交聚会时在场的)
  • vi. 当女伴;当监护人
  • n. (Chaperon)人名;(西)查佩龙;(法)沙普龙
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chaperon 年长女伴

词源同cap, 帽子。-on, 大词后缀。喻指保护者。

chaperon: [14] A chaperon was originally a ‘hood’. The word comes from Old French chaperon, a derivative of chape, whose variant cape was the source of English cape, and goes back ultimately to late Latin cappa ‘hood, cloak’. The word’s modern sense, ‘companion safeguarding propriety’, which first appears in English in the 18th century, arose from the general notion of a ‘hood’ as something that gives protection.
=> cape
chaperon (n.)
1720, "woman accompanying a younger, unmarried lady in public," from French chaperon "protector," especially "female companion to a young woman," earlier "head covering, hood" (c. 1400), from Old French chaperon "hood, cowl" (12c.), diminutive of chape "cape" (see cap (n.)). "... English writers often erroneously spell it chaperone, app. under the supposition that it requires a fem. termination" [OED]. The notion is of "covering" the socially vulnerable one.
"May I ask what is a chaperon?"
"A married lady; without whom no unmarried one can be seen in public. If the damsel be five and forty, she cannot appear without the matron; and if the matron be fifteen, it will do."
[Catharine Hutton, "The Welsh Mountaineer," London, 1817]
The word had been used in Middle English in the literal sense "hooded cloak."
chaperon (v.)
"act as a chaperon," 1792, also chaperone, from chaperon (n.), or from French chaperonner, from chaperon (n.). Related: Chaperoned; chaperoning.
1. In Spain a young lady of good family does not travel without a chaperon.


2. What kind of chaperon are you, sitting in the kitchen?


3. Campers should not be related to the chaperon or liaison officer.


4. Teachers often chaperon their classes on field trips.


5. The young girl would go nowhere without chaperon.


[ chaperon 造句 ]