- n. 数字；人物；图形；价格；（人的）体形；画像
- vi. 计算；出现；扮演角色
- vt. 计算；认为；描绘；象征
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
1. fig- + -ure.
2. => visible form or appearance of a person.
3. => shape, body, form, figure; symbol, allegory.
4. => "represent" (in a picture), "to picture in the mind", "to shape into", "to make an appearance".
来自PIE*dheigh, 揉捏，捏造，形成，词源同dough, fiction. 由揉捏引申多种词义。
- figure:  Figure comes via Old French from Latin figūra ‘form, shape, figure’, a derivative of the same base (*fig-) as produced fingere ‘make, shape’ (whence English effigy, faint, feign, and fiction). Many of the technical Latin uses of the word, including ‘geometric figure’, are direct translations of Greek skhéma, which also meant literally ‘form, shape’, but the sense ‘numerical symbol’ is a later development. Also from the base *fig- was derived Latin figmentum ‘something created or invented’, from which English gets figment .
=> effigy, faint, feign, fiction, figment
- figure (v.)
- late 14c., "to represent" (in painting or sculpture), "make a likeness," also "to have a certain shape or appearance," from Old French figurer, from Latin figurare (see figure (n.)). Meaning "to shape into" is c. 1400; from mid-15c. as "to cover or adorn with figures." Meaning "to picture in the mind" is from c. 1600. Intransitive meaning "make an appearance, make a figure, show oneself" is from c. 1600. Meaning "work out a sum" (by means of arithmetical figures) is from 1833, American English; hence colloquial sense "to calculate upon, expect" (1837). Related: Figured; figuring.
- figure (n.)
- c. 1200, "numeral;" mid-13c., "visible appearance of a person;" late 14c., "visible and tangible form of anything," from Old French figure "shape, body; form of a word; figure of speech; symbol, allegory" (10c), from Latin figura "a shape, form, figure; quality, kind, style; figure of speech," in Late Latin "a sketch, drawing," from PIE *dheigh- "to form, build" (see dough).
Philosophical and scientific senses are from use of Latin figura to translate Greek skhema. Meaning "lines forming a shape" is from mid-14c. From mid-14c. as "human body as represented by art;" late 15c. as "a body, the human form as a whole." The rhetorical use of figure, "peculiar use of words giving meaning different from usual," dates to late 14c.; hence figure of speech (by 1704). Figure-skating is from 1835. Figure eight as a shape was originally figure of eight (c. 1600). From late 14c. as "a cut or diagram inserted in text."
- 1. They had almost reached the boat when a figure shot past them.
- 2. Alistair saw the dim figure of Rose in the chair.
- 3. I don't have to be a detective to figure that out.
- 4. This figure has long been held to possess miraculous power.
- 5. She retains her slim figure and is free of wrinkles.
[ figure 造句 ]