- vt. 管理；支配；统治；控制
- vi. 居支配地位；进行统治
- n. (Govern)人名；(英)戈文
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
- govern:  Politicians’ clichés about ‘steering the ship of state’ are no new thing; for the distant ancestor of English govern is the Greek verb kubernan ‘steer a ship’ (source also of English cybernetics). It developed the metaphorical sense ‘guide, rule’, and it was this that passed with it via Latin gubernāre and Old French governer into English. The Latin form is preserved in gubernatorial ‘of a governor’ .
=> cybernetics, gubernatorial
- govern (v.)
- late 13c., "to rule with authority," from Old French governer "steer, be at the helm of; govern, rule, command, direct" (11c., Modern French gouverner), from Latin gubernare "to direct, rule, guide, govern" (source also of Spanish gobernar, Italian governare), originally "to steer, to pilot," a nautical borrowing from Greek kybernan "to steer or pilot a ship, direct as a pilot," figuratively "to guide, govern" (the root of cybernetics). The -k- to -g- sound shift is perhaps via the medium of Etruscan. Intransitive sense from 1590s. Related: Governed; governing.
- 1. The republics began asserting their right to govern themselves.
- 2. The govern-ment will continue to try to regenerate inner city areas.
- 3. The govern-ment gave 30 million marks for new school books.
- 4. They were utterly unfit to govern America.
- 5. The govern-ment cannot afford to alienate either group.
[ govern 造句 ]