英 ['nefjuː; 'nevjuː]
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- nephew:  Nephew goes back ultimately to Indo-European *nepōt-, which denoted a range of indirect male descendants, including ‘grandson’ and ‘nephew’. Among its offspring were Greek anepsiós ‘nephew’, Sanskrit nápāt ‘grandson’, Germanic *nebon (source of German neffe and Dutch neef ‘nephew’), and Latin nepōs ‘nephew, grandson’ (source of English nepotism , etymologically ‘favouring one’s nephews’).
This passed into Old French as neveu, from which English got nephew (replacing the related native English term neve). The corresponding Indo-European feminine form was *neptī-, which is the ultimate source of English niece.
=> nepotism, niece
- nephew (n.)
- c. 1300, from Old French neveu (Old North French nevu) "grandson, descendant," from Latin nepotem (nominative nepos) "sister's son, grandson, descendant," in post-Augustan Latin, "nephew," from PIE *nepot- "grandchild," and in a general sense, "male descendant other than son" (cognates: Sanskrit napat "grandson, descendant;" Old Persian napat- "grandson;" Old Lithuanian nepuotis "grandson;" Dutch neef; German Neffe "nephew;" Old Irish nia, genitive niath "son of a sister," Welsh nei). Used in English in all the classical senses until meaning narrowed in 17c., and also as a euphemism for "the illegitimate son of an ecclesiastic" (1580s). The Old English cognate, nefa "nephew, stepson, grandson, second cousin" survived to 16c.
- 1. "Cut her out of your will," urged his nephew.
- 2. She has a nephew who is just ten years of age.
- 3. Last month a shopkeeper's nephew was shot dead.
- 4. He entrusted the task to his nephew.
- 5. The Richards I and II implants ( Smith & Nephew ) have a deep, trochlear groove.
- RichardsI和II植入物 ( Smith & Nephew ) 有一条很深的限制性的滑车凹槽.
[ nephew 造句 ]