1. link => lank (Old English hlanc) => flank.
2. Showing characteristic change of Germanic hl- to Romanic fl-.
3. flank <====> lank, link, flinch, flange.
4. f + lynch => fear + lynch => 害怕被私刑处死→畏缩
5. fl-(谐音“返了”-----返回了) + inch => flinch: 返回了、退回了、退缩了一英寸。
来自PIE*kleng, 弯，转，词源同link, incline. 引申词义逃避，畏缩。
- flinch: see link
- flinch (v.)
- 1570s, apparently a nasalized form of obsolete Middle English flecche "to bend, flinch," which probably is from Old French flechir "to bend" (Modern French fléchir), also flechier "to bend, turn aside, flinch," which probably are from Frankish *hlankjan or some other Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *hlinc- (cognates: Middle High German linken, German lenken "to bend, turn, lead"), from PIE root *kleng- "to bend, turn" (see link (n.)). There were nasalized form of the word in Old French as well (flenchir "to bend; give ground, retreat"). Related: Flinched; flinching. As a noun, "the action of flinching," from 1817.
- 1. The world community should not flinch in the face of this challenge.
- 2. She won't flinch from speaking her mind.
- 3. If you flinch, I'll kill you . Do you understand that?
- 你要是缩头不干, 我就宰了你, 明白 吗 ?
来自英汉文学 - 汤姆历险
- 4. The sharp surface of the rock caught at her skin, making her flinch.
- 5. Rhett, watching Wade's face with meditative eyes, saw the boy flinch.
- 瑞德若有所思地注视着韦德那张小脸, 发现这孩子在难过.
[ flinch 造句 ]