CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁短语camera caminata. camera室，同chamber. caminus, 拉丁词，炉灶，冶铁炉。
- chimney:  Greek kámīnos meant ‘furnace’ (it was related to kamárā ‘vaulted room’, source of English camera and chamber). It was borrowed into Latin as camīnus, from which the adjective camīnātus ‘having a furnace, oven, etc’ was derived. By late Latin times this had become a noun, camīnāta, which passed into Old French as cheminee, and thence into English. The original meanings ‘fireplace’ and ‘stove’ persisted until the 19th century, but already in Old French the sense ‘flue’ had developed, which was finally to win out.
=> camera, chamber
- chimney (n.)
- late 13c., "furnace;" early 14c., "chimney stack of a fireplace;" late 14c., "fireplace in a residential space;" from Old French cheminee "fireplace; room with a fireplace; hearth; chimney stack" (12c., Modern French cheminée), from Late Latin (camera) caminata "fireplace; room with a fireplace," from Latin caminatus, adjective of caminus "furnace, forge; hearth, oven; flue," from Greek kaminos "furnace, oven, brick kiln." Jamieson  notes that in vulgar use in Scotland it always is pronounced "chimley." Chimney sweep attested from 1610s, earlier chimney sweeper (c. 1500).
- 1. A thin twist of smoke curled from the cottage's single chimney.
- 2. Smoke was curling up the chimney.
- 3. The chimney was smoking fiercely.
- 4. I roped myself to the chimney.
- 5. He threw the paper onto the fire and it flew up the chimney.
[ chimney 造句 ]