- n. 垃圾；废物
- vt. 拒绝；不愿；抵制
- vi. 拒绝
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- refuse:  Refuse comes via Old French refuser from an unrecorded Vulgar Latin *refūsāre. It is not altogether clear where this came from, for it has no direct Latin antecedent. One theory is that it represents a blend of Latin recūsāre ‘refuse’ (source of English recusant ), a compound verb based on causa ‘cause’, and refūtāre ‘rebut’ (source of English refute ), a compound verb based on the element *fūt-, found also in English confute .
But another long-established school of thought derives it from refūsus, the past participle of Latin refundere ‘pour back’ (source of English refund ) – the underlying notion being of something ‘poured back’ or ‘rejected’. The noun refuse ‘rubbish’  probably comes from Old French refus ‘refusal’, a derivative of refuser ‘refuse’.
- refuse (v.)
- c. 1300, from Old French refuser "reject, disregard, avoid" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *refusare, frequentative form from past participle stem of Latin refundere "pour back, give back" (see refund (v.)). Related: Refused; refusing.
- refuse (n.)
- mid-14c., "an outcast;" mid-14c., "a rejected thing, waste material, trash," from Old French refus "waste product, rubbish; refusal, denial, rejection," a back-formation from the past participle of refuser (see refuse (v.)). As an adjective from late 14c., "despised, rejected;" early 15c., "of low quality."
- 1. The District Council made a weekly collection of refuse.
- 2. I've always had a loud mouth, I refuse to be silenced.
- 3. I refuse to act that way when my kids fight.
- 4. Those who refuse to repent, he said, will be punished.
- 5. You were quite within your rights to refuse to co-operate with him.
[ refuse 造句 ]