- vi. 冒烟；发怒
- vt. 熏；冒烟；愤怒地说
- n. 烟；愤怒，烦恼
- n. (Fume)人名；(日)不免(姓)
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来自拉丁语fumus, 烟，蒸气，PIE*dheu, 烟，雾，尘，词源同dust, dusk, thyme.
- fume:  Fume comes via Old French fum from Latin fūmus ‘smoke, steam’. This in turn went back to a prehistoric Indo-European *dhūmo-, which also produced Sanskrit dhūmás ‘smoke’ and Russian and Polish dym ‘smoke’. The word’s verbal use, ‘be very angry’, comes, like seethe, from the notion of being ‘hot or steaming with fury’. Derived words in English include fumigate  and perfume.
=> fumigate, perfume
- fume (n.)
- late 14c., "vapor, odorous vapor; exhalation," from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath, aroma, scent" (12c.), from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume, old flavor" (source also of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (1) "dust, vapor, smoke; to rise in a cloud, to fly about (like dust)" (cognates: Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul"). In medieval physiology, an "exhalation" of the body that produces emotions, dreams, sloth, etc; later especially of smokes or vapors that go to the head and affect the senses with a narcotic or stifling quality.
- fume (v.)
- c. 1400, "to fumigate" (transitive), from Old French fumer "to smoke, burn" (12c.), from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Intransitive meaning "throw off smoke, emit vapor" is from 1530s; the figurative sense "show anger, be irritated" is slightly earlier (1520s). Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.
- 1. The pump exhaust should lead to the open air or a fume hood.
- 2. She was in a fume of impatience because she had to wait for the others.
- 3. Place the apparatus in a fume cupboard and cool the solution in ice.
- 4. Duct fume site monitoring works are easily to be operated.
- 5. Ahhh! Your souls are fume in the Hell Forge!
- 啊! 你的灵魂就是地狱熔炉的燃料!
[ fume 造句 ]