1. sheriff => shire, reeve.
来自古英语 scir,区域，郡，县，司法管辖区，来自 Proto-Germanic*skizo,可能来自 PIE*sker, 切，分开，词源同 share,shear.
- shire: [OE] The original meaning of shire, which did not survive beyond the Old English period, was ‘official charge, administrative office’, and it has been suggested that the word is related ultimately to Latin cūra ‘care, charge’ (source of English curate, cure, etc). Already by the 9th century it was being used for an ‘administrative area ruled by a governor’, and over the next hundred years the application to what is now known as a county emerged. (County itself was introduced in the 14th century, and gradually ousted shire.) Sheriff is a compound based on shire.
- shire (n.)
- Old English scir "administrative office, jurisdiction, stewardship, authority," also in particular use "district, province, country," from Proto-Germanic *skizo (cognates: Old High German scira "care, official charge"). Ousted since 14c. by Anglo-French county. The gentrified sense is from The Shires (1796), used by people in other parts of England of those counties that end in -shire; sense transferred to "hunting country of the Midlands" (1860).
- 1. My family home is in York-shire and they don't want to move.
- 2. I don't suppose you've seen Entwives in the Shire?
- 3. Richard Bowen of Will shire Fashion, the United States.
- 4. Whatlose in the hundred will be found in the shire.
- 5. Pray, Miss Eliza , are not shire militia removed from Meryton?
- 请问你, 伊丽莎白小姐, 麦里屯的民兵团不是开走了 吗 ?
[ shire 造句 ]