CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- include:  The idea of ‘shutting in’ or ‘enclosure’ is etymologically central to include – indeed, it is virtually the same word as enclose. It was borrowed from Latin inclūdere, a compound verb formed from the prefix in- and claudere ‘shut’ (source of English close). (A probable Vulgar Latin descendant of inclūdere was *inclaudere, which passed into Old French as enclore. English took over its past participle enclose as the verb enclose .) The metaphorical sense ‘comprise’ was already developing in classical Latin.
=> close, enclose
- include (v.)
- c. 1400, from Latin includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)). The alleged Sam Goldwyn-ism, "Include me out," is attested from 1937. Related: Included; including.
- 1. The unemployed executives include former sales managers, directors and accountants.
- 2. That programme will include live commentary on the England-Ireland game.
- 3. Other amenities, less commonly available, include a library and exercise room.
- 4. The President is expected to include this idea in his education plan.
- 5. The tour will include games against the Australian Barbarians.
[ include 造句 ]