- vi. 修理；修复
- vt. 修理；恢复；补救，纠正
- n. 修理，修补；修补部位
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语 reparare,修复，复原，来自 re-,再，重新，parare,准备，词源同 prepare.
- repair: Repair ‘mend’  and repair ‘go’  are two distinct words. The former comes via Old French reparer from Latin reparāre ‘put back in order’, a compound verb formed from the prefix re- ‘back’ and parāre ‘put in order’ (source of English prepare). Repair ‘go’ is ultimately the same word as repatriate . Both go back to late Latin repatriāre ‘go home’, a compound verb based on Latin patria ‘homeland’ (a relative of English father, patron, etc). Repatriate was acquired direct from Latin, whereas repair was routed via Old French repairer.
=> prepare; father, paternal, patriot, patron, repatriate
- repair (v.1)
- "to mend, to put back in order," mid-14c., from Old French reparer "repair, mend" (12c.), from Latin reparare "restore, put back in order," from re- "again" (see re-) + parare "make ready, prepare" (see pare). Related: Repaired; repairing.
- repair (v.2)
- "go" (to a place), c. 1300, from Old French repairer "to frequent, return (to one's country)," earlier repadrer, from Late Latin repatriare "return to one's own country" (see repatriate). Related: Repaired; repairing.
- repair (n.)
- 1590s, "act of restoring, restoration after decay," from repair (v.1). Meaning "state or condition in respect to reparation" is from c. 1600.
- 1. If you are not happy about a repair, go back and complain.
- 2. The monks of Ettal keep the abbey in good repair.
- 3. It would be uneconomic to try and repair it.
- 4. Data recorders also pin-point mechanical faults rapidly, reducing repair times.
- 5. The flat was in a poor state of repair.
[ repair 造句 ]