- vt. 忍受；吞没
- vi. 吞下；咽下
- n. 燕子；一次吞咽的量
- n. (Swallow)人名；(英)斯沃洛
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1. 形近词：wallow, tallow, swallow, shallow, sallow, hallow, callow, fallow.
来自古英语 swealwe,燕子，来自 Proto-Germanic*swalwo,燕子。
- swallow: English has two distinct words swallow. The verb, ‘ingest’ [OE], comes from a prehistoric Germanic *swelgan, which also produced German schwelgen, Dutch swelgen, Swedish svälja, and Danish svælge. It was formed from a base which also gave Old Norse svelgr ‘whirlpool, devourer’. Swallow the bird [OE] comes from a prehistoric Germanic *swalwōn, which also produced German schwalbe, Dutch zwaluw, Swedish svala, and Danish svale and is probably related to Russian solovej ‘nightingale’.
- swallow (v.)
- "ingest through the throat" (transitive), Old English swelgan "swallow, imbibe, absorb" (class III strong verb; past tense swealg, past participle swolgen), from Proto-Germanic *swelgan/*swelhan (cognates: Old Saxon farswelgan, Old Norse svelgja "to swallow," Middle Dutch swelghen, Dutch zwelgen "to gulp, swallow," Old High German swelahan "to swallow," German schwelgen "to revel"), probably from PIE root *swel- (1) "to eat, drink" (cognates: Iranian *khvara- "eating").
Intransitive sense "perform the act of swallowing" is from c. 1700. Sense of "consume, destroy" is attested from mid-14c. Meaning "to accept without question" is from 1590s. Related: Swallowed; swallowing.
- swallow (n.1)
- type of migratory bird (family Hirundinidae), Old English swealwe "swallow," from Proto-Germanic *swalwon (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Norse, Old Frisian, Swedish svala, Danish svale, Middle Dutch zwalewe, Dutch zwaluw, Old High German swalawa, German Schwalbe), from PIE *swol-wi- (cognates: Russian solowej, Slovak slavik, Polish słowik "nightingale"). The etymological sense is disputed. Popularly regarded as harbingers of summer; swallows building nests on or near a house is considered good luck.
- swallow (n.2)
- "an act of swallowing," 1822, from swallow (v.). In late Old English and Middle English it meant "gulf, abyss, hole in the earth, whirlpool," also, in Middle English, "throat, gullet." Compare Old Norse svelgr "whirlpool," literally "devourer, swallower." Meaning "as much as one can swallow at once, mouthful" is from 1861.
- 1. I too found this story a little hard to swallow.
- 2. Did you ever swallow the conspiracy theory about Kennedy?
- 3. You are asked to swallow a capsule containing vitamin B.
- 4. Sometimes he regurgitates the food we give him because he cannot swallow.
- 5. During the 1980s monster publishing houses started to swallow up smaller companies.
[ swallow 造句 ]