- vi. 解决；定居；沉淀；下陷
- vt. 解决；安排；使…定居
- n. 有背长椅
- n. (Settle)人名；(英)塞特尔
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 CET6
1. sed- "sit" => set- + 双写t加-le.
2. sit => settle.
来自古英语 setl,座位，来自 Proto-Germanic*setla,座位，来自 PIE*sed,坐下，词源同 sit,seat. 引申词义长木凳，高背长椅。settle 安排，解决，处理，定居，安居
来自古英语 setlan,使坐下，来自 setl,座位，词源同 sit,set,seat.引申词义安居，定居。后主要 用于比喻义安排，解决，处理等。
- settle: [OE] Although now far less common, the noun settle ‘bench’ is older than the verb, and indeed was the source of it. It evolved (along with German sessel) from a prehistoric Germanic *setlaz, which was derived from the same base that produced English sit. (Saddle comes from a variant of the same base.) In Old English times it was setl, and still meant simply ‘seat’. This formed the basis of a verb setlan ‘put in a position of repose’, ancestor of modern English settle.
=> saddle, sit
- settle (v.)
- "come to rest," Old English setlan "cause to sit, place, put," from setl "a seat" (see settle (n.)). Related: Settling. Compare German siedeln "to settle, colonize."
From c. 1300 of birds, etc., "to alight." From early 14c. as "sink down, descend; cave in." Early 15c. in reference to suspended particles in a liquid. Sense of "establish a permanent residence" first recorded 1620s; that of "decide" is 1620s. Meaning "secure title to by deed" is from 1660s.
Meaning "reconcile" (a quarrel, differences, etc.) perhaps is influenced by Middle English sahtlen "to reconcile," from Old English saht "reconciliation," from Old Norse satt "reconciliation." To settle down "become content" is from 1853; transitive sense from 1520s; as what married couples do in establishing domesticity, from 1718. To settle for "content oneself with" is from 1943.
- settle (n.)
- "long bench," 1550s, from Middle English setle "a seat," from Old English setl "a seat, stall; position, abode; setting of a heavenly body," related to sittan "to sit," from Proto-Germanic *setla- (cognates: Middle Low German, Middle Dutch setel, Dutch zetel, German Sessel, Gothic sitls), from PIE *sedla- (cognates: Latin sella "seat, chair," Old Church Slavonic sedlo "saddle," Old English sadol "saddle"), from root *sed- (1) "to sit" (see sedentary).
- 1. England will have to settle for third or fourth place.
- 2. The duo set up a scam to settle their respective debts.
- 3. The man let his eyes settle upon Cross's face.
- 4. They agreed to try to settle their dispute by negotiation.
- 5. He took a long time to settle in to big-time football.
[ settle 造句 ]