英 [ɪ'stiːm; e-]
CET6 TEM4 IELTS 考 研
1. estimate => esteem.
2. Originally, esteem meant much the same as estimate does: 'evaluate, assess'. But later it had passed into 'think highly of' (a semantic development interestingly paralleled by rate).
4. from *aes-timos [ aes (genitive aeris) "brass, copper" ] "one who cuts copper, one who cuts ore", 可能就是通过切开矿石或铜来鉴别、判断矿石或铜质量如何。
来自拉丁语aestimare, 估计，评估，判定价值，来自aes, 铜，词源同ore, -tim, 砍，切，词源同anatomy. 原指铸造铜币，估计并判定币值，该词义见estimate.同时，引申义尊重，尊敬，即值得一看的，值得考虑的。
- esteem:  Esteem and estimate  are fairly open about their relationship, but there is another, more heavily disguised member of the family: aim. All three come ultimately from Latin aestimāre. Estimate was a straightforward borrowing from the Latin past participle aestimātus, but esteem came via Old French estimer, and aim from the reduced Old French form esmer. Originally, esteem meant much the same as estimate does: ‘evaluate, assess’. But as early as the 16th century it had passed into ‘think highly of’ (a semantic development interestingly paralleled in the 20th century by rate).
=> aim, estimate
- esteem (v.)
- mid-15c., from Old French estimer "to estimate, determine" (14c.), from Latin aestimare "to value, determine the value of, appraise," perhaps ultimately from *ais-temos "one who cuts copper," i.e. mints money (but de Vaan finds this "not very credible"). At first used as we would now use estimate; sense of "value, respect" is 1530s. Related: Esteemed; esteeming.
- esteem (n.)
- (also steem, extyme), mid-14c., "account, value, worth," from French estime, from estimer (see esteem (v.)). Meaning "high regard" is from 1610s.
- 1. It was so humiliating, a terrible blow to my self-esteem.
- 2. He is held in high esteem by colleagues in the construction industry.
- 3. He said he retained immense regard and esteem for the prime minister.
- 4. I greatly esteem your message in the midst of our hard struggle.
- 5. When self-esteem is high, we lose our mortal fear of jealousy.
[ esteem 造句 ]