- n. 寿衣；覆盖物；船的横桅索；[电] 护罩
- vt. 覆盖；包以尸衣
CET6+ TEM8 GRE
来自古英语 scrud,一件衣服，遮盖物，来自 West-Germanic*skrud,切，剪，来自 PIE*sker,切， 剪，词源同 shred,shear.引申词义遮盖物，遮蔽物等。
- shroud: [OE] Shroud originally meant simply ‘garment’ – a sense which survived into the early modern English period (‘My princely robes are laid aside, whose glittering pomp Diana’s shrouds supplies’, Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Nashe, Dido Queen of Carthage 1594). Not until the late 16th century did the modern meaning ‘winding-sheet’ begin to emerge. The word derives ultimately from the prehistoric West Germanic base *skraud-, *skreud-, *skrud- ‘cut’ (source also of English shred).
- shroud (n.)
- Old English scrud "a garment, clothing, dress," from West Germanic *skruthan, from Proto-Germanic *skrud- "cut" (cognates: Old Norse skruð "shrouds of a ship, tackle, gear; furniture of a church," Danish, Swedish skrud "dress, attire"), from PIE *skreu- "to cut" (see shred (n.)).
Specific meaning "winding-sheet, cloth or sheet for burial," to which the word now is restricted, first attested 1560s. Sense of "strong rope supporting the mast of a ship" (mid-15c.) is from the notion of "clothing" a spar or mast; one without rigging was said to be naked.
- shroud (v.)
- c. 1300, "to clothe, to cover, protect," from Old English scrydan, scridan "to clothe, dress;" see shroud (n.). Meaning "to hide from view, conceal" (transitive) is attested from early 15c. Related: Shrouded; shrouding.
- 1. The organization is cloaked in a shroud of secrecy.
- 2. A shroud of secrecy surrounds the plan.
- 3. You will have no pockets in your shroud.
- 4. Ministers are as keen as ever to wrap their activities in a shroud of secrecy.
- 5. His past was enveloped in a shroud of mystery.
[ shroud 造句 ]