英 [ɪg'zæmɪn; eg-]
- vt. 检查；调查； 检测；考试
- vi. 检查；调查
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
ex-, 向外。-act, 做，驱使，称量，词源同act, examine, exigent. 即称量，检查。其拼写受example影响。
- examine:  Like essay and exact, examine comes ultimately from Latin exigere, a compound verb formed from the prefix ex- ‘out’ and agere ‘lead, drive’ (source of English act and agent). This originally meant literally ‘drive out’, but a metaphorical sense ‘weigh accurately’ developed which was carried over into a derived noun exāmen ‘weighing’. This in turn formed the basis of another derivative, the verb exāmināre ‘weigh’, hence ‘weigh up, ponder, consider, test, examine’. The abbreviation exam for examination dates from the late 19th century.
=> act, agent, essay, exact
- examine (v.)
- c. 1300, from Old French examiner "interrogate, question, torture," from Latin examinare "to test or try; consider, ponder," literally "to weigh," from examen "a means of weighing or testing," probably ultimately from exigere "weigh accurately" (see exact (adj.)). Related: Examined; examining.
- 1. I'll start with some generalities and then examine a few specific examples.
- 2. We examine the wording in detail before deciding on the final text.
- 3. Doctors examine their patients thoroughly in order to make a correct diagnosis.
- 4. The accused's lawyers will get a chance to cross-examine him.
- 5. Her husband and children will also have to re-examine their expectations.
[ examine 造句 ]