- n. 门；家，户；门口；通道
- n. (Door)人名；(英)多尔
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*dhwer, 门，词源同forest, forum.
- door: [OE] Old English had two closely related words for ‘door’: duru (mirrored by German tür ‘door’) and dor (which corresponds to German tor ‘gate’). They gradually came together during the Middle English period. Both go back ultimately to the Indo-European base *dhwer-, which also produced Greek thúrū ‘door’ (source of English thyroid), Latin foris ‘door’ (source of English foreign and forest) and forum, Sanskrit dvar- ‘door’, Russian dver’ ‘door’, Lithuanian dùrys ‘gate’, etc.
=> foreign, forest, thyroid
- door (n.)
- Middle English merger of Old English dor (neuter; plural doru) "large door, gate," and Old English duru (fem., plural dura) "door, gate, wicket;" both from Proto-Germanic *dur- (cognates: Old Saxon duru, Old Norse dyrr, Danish dør, Old Frisian dure, Old High German turi, German Tür).
The Germanic words are from PIE *dhwer- "a doorway, a door, a gate" (cognates: Greek thyra, Latin foris, Gaulish doro "mouth," Gothic dauro "gate," Sanskrit dvárah "door, gate," Old Persian duvara- "door," Old Prussian dwaris "gate," Russian dver' "a door").
The base form is frequently in dual or plural, leading to speculation that houses of the original Indo-Europeans had doors with two swinging halves. Middle English had both dure and dor; form dore predominated by 16c., but was supplanted by door.
A door is what a dog is perpetually on the wrong side of. [Ogden Nash]
- 1. She went directly to Simon's apartment and knocked on the door.
- 2. A special locking system means the door cannot be opened accidentally.
- 3. The savoury smell greeted them as they went through the door.
- 4. The queues at the door wound around the building.
- 5. Grace tapped on the bedroom door and went in.
[ door 造句 ]