- n. 演讲；讲稿；教训
- vt. 演讲；训诫
- vi. 讲课；讲演
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
1、lect- ( read ) + -ure.
2、action of reading, that which is read.
- lecture:  The Latin verb legere has been a prodigious contributor to English vocabulary. It originally meant ‘gather, choose’, and in that guise has given us collect, elect, elegant, intelligent, legion  (etymologically a ‘chosen’ body), neglect, and select. It subsequently developed semantically to ‘read’, and from that mode English has taken lecture, lectern  (from the medieval Latin derivative lectrīnum), legend  (etymologically ‘things to be read’), and lesson.
=> collect, elect, elegant, intelligent, legend, legible, legion, lesson, neglect, select
- lecture (n.)
- late 14c., "action of reading, that which is read," from Medieval Latin lectura "a reading, lecture," from Latin lectus, past participle of legere "to read," originally "to gather, collect, pick out, choose" (compare election), from PIE *leg- (1) "to pick together, gather, collect" (cognates: Greek legein "to say, tell, speak, declare," originally, in Homer, "to pick out, select, collect, enumerate;" lexis "speech, diction;" logos "word, speech, thought, account;" Latin lignum "wood, firewood," literally "that which is gathered").
To read is to "pick out words." Meaning "action of reading (a lesson) aloud" is from 1520s. That of "a discourse on a given subject before an audience for purposes of instruction" is from 1530s.
- lecture (v.)
- 1580s, from lecture (n.). Meaning "to address severely and at length" is from 1706. Related: Lectured; lecturing.
- 1. Chuck would lecture me, telling me to get a haircut.
- 2. Within this lecture I cannot pretend to deal adequately with dreams.
- 3. Our captain gave us a stern lecture on safety.
- 4. We picked up our conference materials and filed into the lecture hall.
- 5. In his lecture Riemann covered an enormous variety of topics.
[ lecture 造句 ]