- vt. 赌运气；冒…的危险，使遭受危险
- n. 危险，冒险；冒险的事
- n. (Hazard)人名；(法)阿扎尔；(英)哈泽德
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2. hap => haz- "chance, luck" + -ard => hazard.
3. "chances in gambling," then "chances in life" => "chance of loss or harm, risk".
- hazard:  The word hazard was introduced to English as the name for a game played with dice. It was borrowed from Old French hasard, which came via Spanish azar from Arabic azzahr, earlier al-zahr ‘luck, chance’. Its associations were thus from the first with ‘uncertainty’, and its central modern sense ‘danger’ did not develop until the 16th century.
- hazard (n.)
- c. 1300, name of a game at dice, from Old French hasard, hasart "game of chance played with dice," also "a throw of six in dice" (12c.), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Spanish azar "an unfortunate card or throw at dice," which is said to be from Arabic az-zahr (for al-zahr) "the die." But this is doubtful because of the absence of zahr in classical Arabic dictionaries. Klein suggests Arabic yasara "he played at dice;" Arabic -s- regularly becomes Spanish -z-. The -d was added in French through confusion with the native suffix -ard. Sense evolved in French to "chances in gambling," then "chances in life." In English, sense of "chance of loss or harm, risk" first recorded 1540s.
- hazard (v.)
- "put something at stake in a game of chance," 1520s, from Middle French hasarder "to play at gambling, throw dice" (15c.), from hasard (see hazard (n.)). Related: Hazarded; hazarding.
- 1. Catching colds is unfortunately an occupational hazard in this profession.
- 2. Well, we can hazard a guess at the answer.
- 3. Poverty leads to slums, which are an eyesore and a health hazard.
- 4. He climbed into the car at the hazard of his life.
- 5. I think we have provided for every possible hazard.
[ hazard 造句 ]