- adj. 凶猛的；毁灭性的
- vt. 砍伐；打倒；击倒
- n. [林] 一季所伐的木材；折缝；兽皮
- v. 掉下；摔倒；下垂；变坏（fall的过去式）
- n. (Fell)人名；(英、法、德)费尔
TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*pal, 触摸，感受，拟声词，词源同palpitate.fell 击倒
- fell: English has no fewer than four separate words fell, not counting the past tense of fall. Fell ‘cut down’ [OE] originated as the ‘causative’ version of fall – that is to say, it means literally ‘cause to fall’. It comes ultimately from prehistoric Germanic *falljan, causative of *fallan ‘fall’. Fell ‘animal’s skin’ [OE] goes back via Germanic *fellam (source also of English film) to Indo-European *pello- (whence Latin pellis ‘skin’, from which English gets pellagra , pellicle , and pelt ‘skin’ ). Fell ‘hill’  was borrowed from Old Norse fjall ‘hill’; this seems to be related to German fels ‘rock’, whose ultimate ancestor was Indo-European *pels-.
And the adjective fell ‘fierce, lethal’  was borrowed from Old French fel, ancestor of English felon.
=> fall; film, pelt; felon
- fell (v.1)
- Old English fællan (Mercian), fyllan (West Saxon) "make fall, cause to fall," also "strike down, demolish, kill," from Proto-Germanic *falljan "strike down, cause to fall" (cognates: Old Frisian falla, Old Saxon fellian, Dutch fellen, Old High German fellen, German fällen, Old Norse fella, Danish fælde), causative of *fallan (source of Old English feallan; see fall (v.)), showing i-mutation. Related: Felled; feller; felling.
- fell (adj.)
- "cruel," late 13c., possibly late Old English, perhaps from Old French fel "cruel, fierce, vicious," from Medieval Latin fello "villain" (see felon). Phrase at one fell swoop is from "Macbeth." Related: Fellness.
- fell (n.1)
- "rocky hill," c. 1300, from Old Norse fiall "mountain," from Proto-Germanic *felzam- "rock" (cognates: Old High German felisa, German Fels "stone, rock"), from PIE root *pel(i)s- "rock, cliff." Old High German felisa "a rock" is the source of French falaise (formerly falize) "cliff." Now mostly in place-names, such as Scafell Pike, highest mountain in England.
- fell (v.2)
- past tense of fall (v.), Old English feoll.
- fell (n.2)
- "skin or hide of an animal," Old English fel "skin, hide, garment of skin," from Proto-Germanic *felnam- (cognates: Old Frisian fel, Old Saxon fel, Dutch vel, Old High German fel, German fell, Old Norse fiall, Gothic fill "skin, hide"), from PIE *pel-no-, suffixed form of root *pel- (4) "skin, hide" (see film (n.)). Related: Fellmonger.
- 1. The Liberal Democrat'ssupport fell away at the last minute.
- 2. The ball fell straight to the feet of Klinsmann.
- 3. Working with Ford closely, I fell in love with the cinema.
- 4. I fell under the influence of a history master.
- 5. In early trading in Tokyo, the dollar fell sharply against the yen.
[ fell 造句 ]