- n. 卷轴，画卷；名册；卷形物
- vi. 成卷形
- vt. 使成卷形
TEM4 IELTS GRE
来自古法语 escroe,碎片，纸卷，羊皮纸卷轴，来自 Proto-Germanic*skrauth,碎片，来自 PIE*sker, 砍，剪，切，词源同 shear,share,shred.引申词义画卷，卷形物等。
- scroll:  Scroll has no family connection with roll, although roll is largely responsible for its present-day form. Etymologically it is actually the same word as shred. Both go back to a prehistoric Germanic *skrautha ‘something cut’. This evolved in a straight line to give English shred, but it was also borrowed through medieval Latin scrōda into Old French as escroe, where its meaning ‘cut piece, strip’ narrowed to ‘strip of parchment’.
Its Anglo- Norman version escrowe was acquired by English, where it split in two. It survives in full as escrow , a legal term for a sort of deed, but a shortened form, scrow, also emerged, and association with roll (in the sense ‘roll of parchment’) led to its being altered to scrowle or scroll.
=> escrow, shred
- scroll (n.)
- c. 1400, "roll of parchment or paper," altered (by association with rolle "roll") from scrowe (c. 1200), from Anglo-French escrowe, Old French escroe "scrap, roll of parchment," from Frankish *skroda "shred" or a similar Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *skrauth- (cognates: Old English screada "piece cut off, cutting, scrap;" see shred (n.)). As an ornament on furniture or in architecture, from 1610s.
- scroll (v.)
- "to write down in a scroll," c. 1600, from scroll (n.). Sense of "show a few lines at a time" (on a computer or TV screen) first recorded 1981. Related: Scrolled; scrolling.
- 1. I covered the scroll in sealing wax, and affixed a red ribbon.
- 2. Use the arrow keys to scroll through the list of files.
- 3. As I opened the scroll, a panorama of the Yellow River unfolded.
- 我打开卷轴时, 黄河的景象展现在眼前.
- 4. He was presented with a scroll commemorating his achievements.
- 5. Scroll through the document using the slider bar on the right of the window.
[ scroll 造句 ]