- n. 儿子；孩子（对年轻人的称呼）；男性后裔
- n. (Son)人名；(土、老、柬)松；(法、罗)索恩；(日)存(名)；(日)孙(姓)；(越)山
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自中古英语 sone,来自古英语 sunu,来自 Proto-Germanic*sunuz,儿子，来自 PIE*seue,生育。
- son: [OE] Son is an ancient word, with relatives in several Indo-European languages: Russian, Polish, and Czech syn, for instance, Sanskrit sūnús, and Greek huiús. These point back to an ancestral *sunu- or *sunyu-. This may have been related to Sanskrit sú- ‘bear, carry’, in which case its original meaning would have been ‘birth’, which evolved via ‘offspring’ to ‘son’. The prehistoric Germanic descendant of *sunuwas *sunuz, which has diversified into German sohn, Dutch zoon, Danish søn, and English and Swedish son.
- son (n.)
- Old English sunu "son, descendant," from Proto-Germanic *sunuz (cognates: Old Saxon and Old Frisian sunu, Old Norse sonr, Danish søn, Swedish son, Middle Dutch sone, Dutch zoon, Old High German sunu, German Sohn, Gothic sunus "son"). The Germanic words are from PIE *su(e)-nu- "son" (cognates: Sanskrit sunus, Greek huios, Avestan hunush, Armenian ustr, Lithuanian sunus, Old Church Slavonic synu, Russian and Polish syn "son"), a derived noun from root *seue- (1) "to give birth" (cognates: Sanskrit sauti "gives birth," Old Irish suth "birth, offspring").
Son of _____ as the title of a sequel to a book or movie is recorded from 1917 ("Son of Tarzan"). Most explanations for son of a gun (1708) are more than a century after its appearance. Henley (1903) describes it as meaning originally "a soldier's bastard;" Smyth's "Sailor's Word-Book" (1867) describes it as "An epithet conveying contempt in a slight degree, and originally applied to boys born afloat, when women were permitted to accompany their husbands to sea ...."
- 1. Sam's mother said her son had a good upbringing and schooling.
- 2. She called her young son: "Here, Stephen, come and look at this!"
- 3. Her son used sign language to tell her what happened.
- 4. My son has suffered terribly. He has lost his best friend.
- 5. He has been unhappy with his son's political leanings.
[ son 造句 ]