- n. 胃；腹部；胃口
- vt. 忍受；吃下
- vi. 忍受
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
来自古法语 estomac,胃，来自拉丁语 stomachus,喉咙，食道，胃，来自希腊语 stomachos,喉 咙，食道，嘴，口，来自 stoma,嘴，口，来自 PIE*stomen,嘴，口。
- stomach:  Greek stómakhos was derived from stóma ‘mouth’, and originally denoted the ‘throat’ or ‘oesophagus’. It was also applied to the opening or ‘mouth’ of various internal organs, particularly the stomach, and eventually came to be used for the stomach itself. English acquired the word via Latin stomachus and Old French stomaque.
- stomach (n.)
- late 14c., earlier stomak (early 14c.), "internal pouch into which food is digested," from Old French stomaque, estomac "stomach," from Latin stomachus "throat, gullet; stomach," also "taste, inclination, liking; distaste, dislike;" also "pride, indignation," which were thought to have their origin in that organ (source also of Spanish estómago, Italian stomaco), from Greek stomachos "throat, gullet, esophagus," literally "mouth, opening," from stoma "mouth" (see stoma).
Applied anciently to the openings of various internal organs, especially that of the stomach, then by the later Greek physicians to the stomach itself. The native word is maw. Some 16c. anatomists tried to correct the sense back to "esophagus" and introduce ventricle for what we call the stomach. Meaning "belly, midriff, part of the body that contains the stomach" is from late 14c.
The spelling of the ending of the word was conformed to Latin, but the pronunciation remains as in Middle English. Related: stomachial (1580s); stomachical (c. 1600); stomachic (1650s). Pugilistic stomacher "punch in the stomach" is from 1814; from mid-15c. as "vest or other garment which covers the belly." The Latin figurative senses also were in Middle English (such as "relish, inclination, desire," mid-15c.) or early Modern English. Also sometimes regarded in Middle Ages as the seat of sexual desire.
- stomach (v.)
- "tolerate, put up with," 1570s, from stomach (n.), probably in reference to digestion; earlier sense was opposite: "to be offended at, resent" (1520s), echoing Latin stomachari "to be resentful, be irritated, be angry," from stomachus (n.) in its secondary sense of "pride, indignation." Related: Stomached; stomaching.
- 1. She dropped out after 20 kilometres with stomach trouble.
- 2. My bulging thighs and flabby stomach made me depressed.
- 3. Foods and fluids are mixed in the stomach by its muscular contractions.
- 4. His stomach had grown more prominent with every passing year.
- 5. She continued to have severe stomach cramps, aches, fatigue, and depression.
[ stomach 造句 ]