英 ['sɪlvə] 美 ['sɪlvɚ]
  • n. 银;银器;银币;银质奖章;餐具;银灰色
  • adj. 银的;含银的;有银色光泽的;口才流利的;第二十五周年的婚姻
  • vi. 变成银色
  • vt. 镀银;使有银色光泽
  • n. (Silver)人名;(法)西尔韦;(英、德、芬、瑞典)西尔弗
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
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silver 银,银器,银白色

来自中古英语 silver,银,来自古英语 seolfor,银,来自 Proto-Germanic*silubra,银。引申词义 银器,银白色等。金属元素银来自拉丁语 argentum,银,词源同 argent,Argentine.

silver: [OE] The word silver probably originated in Asia Minor. Its unidentified source word was borrowed into prehistoric Germanic as *silubr-, which has evolved into German silber, Dutch zilver, Danish sølf, and English and Swedish silver. Borrowing of the same ancestral form into the Balto-Slavic languages produced Russian serebro, Polish and Serbo-Croat srebro, Lithuanian sidabras, and Latvian sidrabs.
silver (n.)
Old English seolfor, Mercian sylfur "silver; money," from Proto-Germanic *silubra- (cognates: Old Saxon silvbar, Old Frisian selover, Old Norse silfr, Middle Dutch silver, Dutch zilver, Old High German silabar, German silber "silver; money," Gothic silubr "silver"), from a common Germanic/Balto-Slavic term (cognates: Old Church Slavonic s(u)rebo, Russian serebro, Polish srebro, Lithuanian sidabras "silver") of uncertain relationship and origin. According to Klein's sources, possibly from a language of Asia Minor, perhaps from Akkadian sarpu "silver," literally "refined silver," related to sarapu "to refine, smelt."

As an adjective from late Old English (cognates: silvern). As a color name from late 15c. Of voices, words, etc., from 1520s in reference to the metal's pleasing resonance; silver-tongued is from 1590s. The silver age (1560s) was a phrase used by Greek and Roman poets. Chemical abbreviation Ag is from Latin argentum "silver," from the usual PIE word for the metal (see argent), which is missing in Germanic.
silver (v.)
"to cover or plate with silver," mid-15c., from silver (n.). Meaning "to tinge with gray" (of hair) is from c. 1600. Related: Silvered; silvering.
1. You have to do everything you can. You have to work your hardest. And if you do, if you stay positive, then you have a shot at a silver lining.


2. He and Helen celebrated their silver wedding last year.


3. Jane Pollock Antiques deals in silver and small collectables.


4. Using silver tape, they taped all the doors and windows shut.


5. The fall in inflation is the silver lining of the prolonged recession.


[ silver 造句 ]