- pecuniary (adj.)
- c. 1500, from Latin pecuniarius "pertaining to money," from pecunia "money, property, wealth," from pecu "cattle, flock," from PIE root *peku- "wealth, movable property, livestock" (source of Sanskrit pasu- "cattle," Gothic faihu "money, fortune," Old English feoh "cattle, money").
Livestock was the measure of wealth in the ancient world, and Rome, like any other culture, was essentially a farmer's community. That pecunia was literally "wealth in cattle" was still apparent to Cicero. For a possible parallel sense development in Old English, see fee, and compare, evolving in the other direction, cattle. Compare also Welsh tlws "jewel," cognate with Irish tlus "cattle," connected via notion of "valuable thing," and, perhaps emolument.
- 1. She denies obtaining a pecuniary advantage by deception.
- 2. Some compromise between the psychological and pecuniary consideration must therefore be sought.
- 3. She seemed averse to being under pecuniary obligations.
- 4. Why not make a pecuniary sacrifice?
- 为什么不能在用度上紧缩一点 呢 ?
- 5. She is so independent that she refused all pecuniary aid.
[ pecuniary 造句 ]