1、pen- + -al
- penal: see pain
- penal (adj.)
- "pertaining to punishment," mid-15c., from Old French peinal (12c., Modern French pénal) and directly from Medieval Latin penalis, from Latin poenalis "pertaining to punishment," from poena "punishment," from Greek poine "blood-money, fine, penalty, punishment," from PIE *kwoina, from root *kwei- "to pay, atone, compensate" (cognates: Greek time "price, worth, honor, esteem, respect," tinein "to pay a price, punish, take vengeance;" Sanskrit cinoti "observes, notes;" Avestan kaena "punishment, vengeance;" Old Church Slavonic cena "honor, price;" Lithuanian kaina "value, price").
- 1. the penal system
- 2. Parliament may legislate on any matter of penal law.
- 3. The punishments for robbery and murder are prescribed in the penal code.
- 4. He visited various penal institutions in the United Kingdom in the late 1930s.
- 5. After his experience in jail , he has a pretty jaundiced view of the penal system.
- 经历了牢狱生活之后, 他对刑罚制度颇有成见.
[ penal 造句 ]