英 [piː'nɒlədʒɪ; pɪ-]
- penology (n.)
- "study of punishment and crime prevention," 1838, coined apparently by Francis Lieber, corresponding member of the Philadephia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, from pen- as in penitentiary (ultimately from Latin poena "penalty, punishment;" see penal) + -ology "study of." Related: Penologist; penological.
- 1. In a wide sense of the word, criminology includes penology.
- 从广义上讲, 犯罪学包括刑罚学.
[ penology 造句 ]