CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、philo- + -sophy.
2、literally "love of knowledge, pursuit of wisdom".
- philosophy:  Greek phílos (a word of uncertain origin) meant ‘loving’. It has entered into an enormous range of English compounds, including philander  (adopted from a Greek word meaning ‘loving men’), philanthropy , philately, and philology , not to mention all the terms suffixed with -phil or -phile, such as Anglophile  and paedophile . Philosophy itself means etymologically ‘loving wisdom’. It comes via Old French filosofie and Latin philosophia from Greek philosophíā, whose second element was a derivative of sophós ‘wise’ (source of English sophisticate).
- philosophy (n.)
- c. 1300, "knowledge, body of knowledge," from Old French filosofie "philosophy, knowledge" (12c., Modern French philosophie) and directly from Latin philosophia and from Greek philosophia "love of knowledge, pursuit of wisdom; systematic investigation," from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + sophia "knowledge, wisdom," from sophis "wise, learned;" of unknown origin.
Nec quicquam aliud est philosophia, si interpretari velis, praeter studium sapientiae; sapientia autem est rerum divinarum et humanarum causarumque quibus eae res continentur scientia. [Cicero, "De Officiis"]
Meaning "system a person forms for conduct of life" is attested from 1771.
[Philosophical problems] are, of course, not empirical problems; but they are solved through an insight into the workings of our language, and that in such a way that these workings are recognized -- despite an urge to misunderstand them. The problems are solved, not through the contribution of new knowledge, rather through the arrangement of things long familiar. Philosophy is a struggle against the bewitchment (Verhexung) of our understanding by the resources of our language. [Ludwig Wittgenstein, "Philosophical Investigations," 1953]
- 1. Apart from criminal investigation techniques, students learn forensic medicine, philosophy and logic.
- 2. They asked her some searching questions on moral philosophy and logic.
- 3. Annie's work reflects her philosophy that life is full of mysteries.
- 4. Psychology began as a purely academic offshoot of natural philosophy.
- 5. His interests extended beyond the fine arts to international politics and philosophy.
[ philosophy 造句 ]