- n. 灌木；矮树丛
- vt. 以灌木装饰；使…精疲力竭
- vi. 丛生；浓密地生长
- adj. 如灌木般长得低矮的；粗野的
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
词源不确定。可能来自PIE *bheue, 存在，生长，居住。词源同be. 指灌木顽强的生命力。
- bush:  Bush comes ultimately from a prehistoric Germanic *busk-, which also produced German busch ‘bush’. There is no actual record of the word in Old English, but it probably existed as *bysc. The Germanic base was also borrowed into the Romance languages, where in French it eventually produced bois ‘wood’. A diminutive form of this gave English bouquet , while a variant bosc may have been at least partly responsible for the now archaic English bosky ‘wooded’ . A derived Vulgar Latin verb *imboscāre gave English ambush.
=> ambush, bouquet, oboe
- bush (n.)
- "many-stemmed woody plant," Old English bysc, from West Germanic *busk "bush, thicket" (cognates: Old Saxon and Old High German busc, Dutch bosch, bos, German Busch). Influenced by or combined with cognate words from Scandinavian (such as Old Norse buskr, Danish busk, but this might be from West Germanic) and Old French (busche "firewood," apparently of Frankish origin), and also perhaps Anglo-Latin bosca "firewood," from Medieval Latin busca (whence Italian bosco, Spanish bosque, French bois), which apparently also was borrowed from West Germanic; compare Boise.
In British American colonies, applied from 1650s to the uncleared districts, hence "country," as opposed to town (1780); probably originally from Dutch bosch in the same sense, because it seems to appear first in English in former Dutch colonies. Meaning "pubic hair" (especially of a woman) is from 1745. To beat the bushes (mid-15c.) is a way to rouse birds so that they fly into the net which others are holding, which originally was the same thing as beating around the bush (see beat (v.)).
- 1. They walked through the dense Mozambican bush for thirty six hours.
- 2. George W. Bush carried the state with 56 percent of the vote.
- 3. He raced ahead up into the bush, barking and snarling.
- 4. You have to prune a bush if you want fruit.
- 5. The Bush Foundation has funded a variety of faculty development programs.
[ bush 造句 ]