- n. 条件；情况；环境；身份
- vt. 决定；使适应；使健康；以…为条件
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自法语。con-, 强调。-dit, 说，词源同dictate, dictionary. 字母c脱落比较benefit, benefactor. 原指描述的情况，规定的情况，后指客观情况。
- condition:  Latin condīcere originally meant literally ‘talk together’ – it was a compound verb formed from the prefix com- ‘together’ and dicere ‘talk’ (whose base dic- forms the basis of a wide range of English words from abdicate to vindicate, including diction and dictionary). Gradually the idea of ‘talking together, discussing’ passed to ‘agreeing’, and the derived Latin noun conditiō originally meant ‘agreement’. From this came ‘stipulation, provision’, and hence ‘situation, mode of being’, all of them senses which passed via Old French condicion into English condition.
=> abdicate, diction, dictionary, predict, vindicate
- condition (n.)
- early 14c., condicioun, from Old French condicion "stipulation, state, behavior, social status" (12c., Modern French condition), from Latin condicionem (nominative condicio) "agreement, situation," from condicere "to speak with, talk together," from com- "together" (see com-) + dicere "to speak" (see diction). Evolution of meaning through "stipulation, condition," to "situation, mode of being."
- condition (v.)
- late 15c., "to make conditions," from condition (n.). Meaning "to bring to a desired condition" is from 1844. Related: Conditioned; conditioning.
- 1. He was concerned with the enhancement of the human condition.
- 2. Rust and flaking paint mean the metalwork is in poor condition.
- 3. You'll also get expert advice on keeping your hair in good condition.
- 4. He was epileptic and refused to take medication for his condition.
- 5. He was too out of condition to clamber over the top.
[ condition 造句 ]