- vt. 鞭打；蹂躏；严斥；痛斥
- n. 鞭；灾祸；鞭子；苦难的根源
来自盎格鲁法语 escorge,鞭子，来自古法语 escorgier,鞭打，鞭刑，可能来自拉丁语 excoriare, 剥皮，来自 ex-,向外，corium,皮肤，兽皮，来自 PIE*sker,砍，切，分开，词源同 shear,excoriate. 引申词义灾害，祸害。参照 Scourge of God,上帝之鞭，原指欧洲人对西汉时期入侵欧洲的匈 奴王的称号，后指元朝时再次入侵欧洲的成吉思汗。
- scourge:  Scourge comes ultimately from a Latin word for a ‘long strip of leather’, corrigio, which itself was borrowed from Celtic. It had a number of specific applications, including ‘shoelace’, ‘rein’, and ‘whip’, and it was the last that formed the basis of the Vulgar Latin verb *excorrigiāre ‘whip’, which passed into English via Old French escorgier and its derived noun escorge.
- scourge (n.)
- c. 1200, "a whip, lash," from Anglo-French escorge, back-formation from Old French escorgier "to whip," from Vulgar Latin *excorrigiare, from Latin ex- "out, off" (see ex-) + corrigia "thong, shoelace," in this case "whip," probably from a Gaulish word related to Old Irish cuimrech "fetter," from PIE root *reig- "to bind" (see rig (v.)). Figurative use from late 14c. Scourge of God, title given by later generations to Attila the Hun (406-453 C.E.), is attested from late 14c., from Latin flagellum Dei.
- scourge (v.)
- c. 1300, "to whip," from Old French escorgier and from scourge (n.). Figurative meaning "to afflict" (often for the sake of punishment or purification) is from late 14c. Related: Scourged; scourging.
- 1. Drugs are a scourge that is devastating our society.
- 2. The cruel captain used a scourge on his disobedient sailor.
- 3. After the scourge of war came the scourge of disease.
- 4. The scourge of racial tyranny should never again be allowed to raise its ugly head.
- 5. Farmers don't need much prompting to tell you that "flaming dog owners" are the scourge of their lives.
[ scourge 造句 ]