- glutton:  Indo-European *gel- produced a wide range of descendants in the general semantic area ‘swallow’, among them Latin gula ‘throat’ and its offspring French gueule ‘mouth’ and English gullet; German kehle ‘throat’; and Latin gluttīre ‘swallow’, which was probably the ultimate source of English glut . Another was Latin gluttō ‘overeater’, which English acquired via Old French gluton.
=> glut, gullet
- glutton (n.)
- "one who eats and drinks to excess," early 13c., from Old French gloton "glutton;" also "scoundrel," a general term of abuse (Modern French glouton), from Latin gluttonem (nominative glutto) "overeater," formed from gluttire "to swallow," from gula "throat," from PIE *gwele- (3) "to swallow" (see glut (v.)). General sense in reference to one who indulges in anything to excess is from 1704. Glutton for punishment is from pugilism; the phrase is from 1854, but the idea is older:
Thus, Theocritus, in his Milling-match, calls Amycus "a glutton," which is well known to be the classical phrase at Moulsey-Hurst, for one who, like Amycus, takes a deal of punishment before he is satisfied. [Tom Moore, "Tom Crib's Memorial to Congress," 1819]
- 1. Ivy must be a glutton for punishment.
- 2. He was a glutton for hard work.
- 3. She's a glutton for work . She stays late every evening.
- 4. I can't control my eating. It's hard when people don't understand and call you a glutton.
- 5. You're going to drive all the way to London and back in a day? You're a glutton for punishment, aren't you ?
- 你打算一路开车到伦敦,一天就跑个来回? 你真不怕吃苦, 不是 吗 ?
[ glutton 造句 ]