- adj. 畏缩的；怯懦的
- n. 懦夫
- n. (Craven)人名；(意)克拉文；(英)克雷文
1. crave => craven: 形容以恳求、渴求的方式求饶的那种状态。
3. cra- => cry (哭), -ven (拼音“问”) => 哭问，哭着问，小学生很胆怯，问老师都哭.
词源不详。可能来自词根crep, 破碎，劈里叭啦，词源同decrepit, discrepancy. 原指被打败的，后指被打怕的，因而胆小的。
- craven:  Craven originally meant simply ‘defeated’, and only gradually came to have the pejorative sense ‘cowardly’. It probably came from Old French cravante ‘defeated’, the past participle of the verb cravanter, which in turn came via Vulgar Latin *crepantāre from Latin crepāre; this meant ‘creak, rattle, crack’ (hence the English technical term crepitation ) but also secondarily ‘burst’ or ‘break’.
=> crepitation, crevice, decrepit
- craven (adj.)
- early 13c., cravant, perhaps from Old French crevante "defeated," past participle of cravanter "to strike down, to fall down," from Latin crepare "to crack, creak." Sense affected by crave and moved from "defeated" to "cowardly" (c. 1400) perhaps via intermediary sense of "confess oneself defeated." Related: Cravenly; cravenness.
- 1. A neighbour saw her talking with Craven.
- 2. I had no doubt that the craven fellow would be only too pleased to back out.
- 3. They condemned the deal as a craven surrender.
- 4. Jonathan Craven was the second person hired at Chesapeake Capital.
- 5. No man wants to be thought a craven person.
[ craven 造句 ]