CET6+ TEM4 CET4 考 研 CET6
1. pupil => pupa "girl, doll" => puppet.
- puppet:  Puppet, like its variant poppet , originally meant ‘doll’. It comes from Old French poupette, a diminutive form of *poupe ‘doll’. This in turn came from Vulgar Latin *puppa, a descendant of Latin pūpa ‘girl, doll’ (source of English pupa and pupil). The application to a ‘moving doll controlled by strings’ developed in the 16th century; in the case of poppet it has since died out, but it has taken over puppet completely.
- puppet (n.)
- "doll moved by strings or wires" (later applied to puppets in glove form), 1530s, later form of Middle English popet "doll" (c. 1300; see poppet), from Old French popette "little doll, puppet," diminutive of popee "doll, puppet" (13c., Modern French poupée), from Vulgar Latin *puppa, from Latin pupa "girl; doll" (see pupil (n.1)).
Metaphoric extension to "one whose actions are manipulated by another" first recorded 1540s (as poppet). Puppet show attested from 1650s, earlier puppet-play (1550s). Puppet government is attested from 1884 (in reference to Egypt).
- 1. When the invasion occurred he ruled as a puppet of the occupiers.
- 2. The occupying forces set up a puppet government .
- 3. We watched a performance which included a puppet show and acrobatics.
- 4. The whole village was burnt down by the puppet troops.
- 5. He jerked the string and the puppet jumped.
[ puppet 造句 ]