CET6 TEM4 IELTS 考 研
- hostage:  Despite its similarity, hostage is not related to any of the English words host. It comes via Old French hostage from *obsidāticum, a Vulgar Latin derivative of late Latin obsidātus ‘condition of being held as a security for the fulfilment of an undertaking’. This is turn was based on Latin obses ‘hostage’, a compound noun formed from the prefix ob- ‘before’ and the base of sedēre ‘sit’ (English obsess  is made up of virtually the same elements). The use of hostage for the ‘person held’ was established before English took it over.
- hostage (n.)
- late 13c., from Old French hostage "person given as security or hostage" (12c., Modern French ôtage), either from hoste "guest" (see host (n.1)) via notion of "a lodger held by a landlord as security," or from Late Latin obsidanus "condition of being held as security," from obses "hostage," from ob- "before" + base of sedere "to sit" [OED]. Modern political/terrorism sense is from 1970.
- 1. The class was held hostage by a hooded gunman.
- 2. The hostage release could clear the decks for war.
- 3. The reporting of the hostage story was fair, if sometimes overblown.
- 4. The former hostage is in remarkably good shape considering his ordeal.
- 5. There are conflicting reports about the identity of the hostage.
[ hostage 造句 ]