英 [ɪg'zɑːmp(ə)l; eg-]
- n. 例子；榜样
- vt. 作为…的例子；为…做出榜样
- vi. 举例
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
ex-, 向外。-em, 拿出，带出，词源sample, exempt.
- example:  Etymologically, an example is something that has been ‘taken out’, so that it can be considered separately. The word comes via Old French example from Latin exemplum ‘example’, a derivative of eximere ‘take out’. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix ex- ‘out’ and emere ‘take, buy’ (source of English peremptory, pre-empt, premium, and prompt), and also yielded English exempt . (An earlier Old French version of the word, essample, was borrowed into English in the 13th century as asample, which was the ancestor of modern English sample.)
=> exempt, peremptory, premium, prompt, sample
- example (n.)
- late 14c., "an instance typical of a class; a model, either good or bad, action or conduct as an object of imitation; an example to be avoided; punishment as a warning," partial re-Latinization of earlier essample, asaumple (mid-13c.), from Old French essemple "sample, model, example, precedent, cautionary tale," from Latin exemplum "a sample, specimen; image, portrait; pattern, model, precedent; a warning example, one that serves as a warning," literally "that which is taken out," from eximere "take out, remove" (see exempt (adj.)).
- 1. Have they, for example, demonstrated a commitment to democracy?
- 2. The house is a textbook example of medieval domestic architecture.
- 3. That's just one example of the kind of experiments you can do.
- 4. He is a model professional and an example to the younger lads.
- 5. The example of the United States illustrates this point.
[ example 造句 ]