- adj. 激进的；根本的；彻底的
- n. 基础；激进分子；[物化] 原子团；[数] 根数
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- radical:  Etymologically, radical means ‘of roots’. Its modern political meaning, based on the metaphor of fundamental change, going to the ‘roots’ of things, did not begin to emerge until the 18th century. The word was borrowed from late Latin rādīcālis, a derivative of Latin rādīx ‘root’ (source of English radish [OE] and probably related to root).
=> radish, ramify, root
- radical (adj.)
- late 14c., in a medieval philosophical sense, from Late Latin radicalis "of or having roots," from Latin radix (genitive radicis) "root" (see radish). Meaning "going to the origin, essential" is from 1650s. Radical sign in mathematics is from 1680s.
Political sense of "reformist" (via notion of "change from the roots") is first recorded 1802 (n.), 1817 (adj.), of the extreme section of the British Liberal party (radical reform had been a current phrase since 1786); meaning "unconventional" is from 1921. U.S. youth slang use is from 1983, from 1970s surfer slang meaning "at the limits of control." Radical chic is attested from 1970; popularized, if not coined, by Tom Wolfe. Radical empiricism coined 1897 by William James (see empiricism).
- radical (n.)
- 1630s, "root part of a word, from radical (adj.) Political sense from 1802; chemical sense from 1816.
- 1. There will be a radical swing to the right or the left.
- 2. Radical feminism is currently the fashionable topic among the chattering classes.
- 3. This thesis led to a radical reshaping of Labour policies.
- 4. He remained for some years avowedly radical in his political outlook.
- 5. The Conservative government will not slacken the pace of radical reform.
[ radical 造句 ]