英 ['kɒtɪdʒ] 美 ['kɑtɪdʒ]
  • n. 小屋;村舍;(农舍式的)小别墅
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1 / 10
cottage 村舍,小别墅


cottage: [14] The Old English words for a small house or hut were cot and cote, both of which survive – just: cot as an archaic term for ‘cottage’ and cote in dovecote and sheepcote. (Cot ‘child’s bed’ [17], incidentally, is of Hindi origin.) They both derive ultimately from a Germanic base *kut-. Then, probably in the 12th century, one or both of them seem to have been taken up by the language of the gentry, Anglo- Norman, and had the suffix -age added, giving *cotage, which was eventually adopted by English as cottage.

Originally this simply denoted any small humble country dwelling; it was not until the mid-18th century that it began to acquire modern connotations of tweeness.

=> cot, cote
cottage (n.)
late 13c., from Old French cote "hut, cottage" + Anglo-French suffix -age (probably denoting "the entire property attached to a cote"). Old French cot is probably from Old Norse kot "hut," cognate of Old English cot, cote "cottage, hut," from Proto-Germanic *kutan (cognates: Middle Dutch cot, Dutch kot).

Meaning "small country residence" (without suggestion of poverty or tenancy) is from 1765. Modern French cottage is a 19c. reborrowing from English. Cottage industry is attested from 1921. Cottage cheese is attested from 1831, American English, earliest in reference to Philadelphia:
There was a plate of rye-bread, and a plate of wheat, and a basket of crackers; another plate with half a dozen paltry cakes that looked as if they had been bought under the old Court House; some morsels of dried beef on two little tea-cup plates: and a small glass dish of that preparation of curds, which in vulgar language is called smear-case, but whose nom de guerre is cottage-cheese, at least that was the appellation given it by our hostess. ["Miss Leslie," "Country Lodgings," Godey's "Lady's Book," July 1831]
1. The studio is midway between his aunt's old home and his cottage.


2. Curtis got behind the wheel and they started back toward the cottage.


3. My sister Yvonne also came to live at Ockenden Cottage with me.


4. Tony had risen early and gone to the cottage to work.


5. He is incommunicado in a secluded cottage in Wales.


[ cottage 造句 ]