- adj. 干的；口渴的；枯燥无味的；禁酒的
- vt. 把…弄干
- vi. 变干
- n. 干涸
- n. (Dry)人名；(法)德里
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*dhergh, 干燥，巩固，来自PIE*dher, 坚固，支撑，词源同firm.
- dry: [OE] Dry comes ultimately from prehistoric Germanic *draugiz, a derivative of the base *draug-, *drūg-, which also produced English drought and drain. Its other Germanic relatives are Dutch droog and German trocken, and some have connected it with Old Norse drjūgr ‘lasting, strong’, Old Prussian drūktai ‘firmly’, and Lithuanian dialect drūktas ‘thick, strong’ – the theory being that strength and endurance are linked with ‘drying out’.
=> drain, drought
- dry (adj.)
- Old English dryge, from Proto-Germanic *draugiz (cognates: Middle Low German dröge, Middle Dutch druge, Dutch droog, Old High German trucchon, German trocken, Old Norse draugr), from Germanic root *dreug- "dry."
Meaning "barren" is mid-14c. Of humor or jests, early 15c. (implied in dryly); as "uninteresting, tedious" from 1620s. Of places prohibiting alcoholic drink, 1870 (but dry feast, one at which no liquor is served, is from late 15c.; colloquial dry (n.) "prohibitionist" is 1888, American English). Dry goods (1708) were those measured out in dry, not liquid, measure. Dry land (that not under the sea) is from early 13c. Dry run is from 1940s.
- dry (v.)
- Old English drygan, related to dry (adj.). Related: Dried; drying. Of the two agent noun spellings, drier is the older (1520s), while dryer (1874) was first used of machines. Dry out in the drug addiction sense is from 1967. Dry up "stop talking" is 1853.
- 1. Investment could dry up and that could cause the economy to falter.
- 2. There were few dry eyes in the house when I finished.
- 3. Dry hair can be damaged by washing it too frequently.
- 4. When it's dry, brush the hair using a soft, nylon baby brush.
- 5. Let's dry our hair so we don't catch cold.
[ dry 造句 ]