- vi. 藏匿；入港停泊；庇护
- vt. 庇护；藏匿；入港停泊
- n. 海港（等于harbor）；避难所
- n. (Harbour)人名；(英)哈伯
CET4 TEM4 IELTS CET6
har-, 军队，队伍，词源同 here,harry,-bour, 保护，庇护所，词源同 bury. 引申词义船只庇护地，避难所，后用于指港口。harbour 是英式拼写形式，harbor 是美式拼写形式。
- harbour: [OE] Etymologically, a harbour is a ‘shelter for a crowd of people’. English acquired it in the late Anglo-Saxon period as herebeorg, perhaps borrowed from Old Norse herbergi, but it began life as a compound of prehistoric Germanic *kharjaz, originally ‘crowd’, later specifically ‘army’ (source also of English harry and related to harness) and *berg- ‘protect’ (which occurs in a range of English words, including barrow ‘mound’, borough, borrow, and bury).
The original sense ‘shelter for a crowd or army’ had broadened out by historic times to the more general ‘shelter, lodging’. That is what Old English herebeorg meant, and gradually it underwent further semantic development, via ‘place in which shelter can be obtained’, to (as recently as the 16th century) ‘place of shelter for ships, port’.
=> barrow, borough, borrow, bury, harbinger, harness, harry, herald
- chiefly British English spelling of harbor (n. and v.); for spelling, see -or. In this case it is considered to be without etymological justification and probably by analogy of labour.
- 1. Sewage nutrients do increase algal growth in the harbour.
- 2. I waved goodbye and went down the stone harbour steps.
- 3. The gigantic natural harbour of Poole is a haven for boats.
- 4. The fishing boat harbour was usually bustling with lots of local colour.
- 5. Green and yellow lights blinked on the surface of the harbour.
[ harbour 造句 ]