- vi. 假装，伪装，佯装
- adj. 假装的
- vt. 假装，伪装，模拟
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 CET6
1. pre- + tend-.
2. 字面含义：stretch before, stretch beyond real condition.
- pretend:  To pretend something is etymologically to ‘hold it out’ – as an excuse, or as something it is not. The word comes from Latin praetendere, a compound verb formed from the prefix prae- ‘before’ and tendere ‘stretch’ (source of English tend, tense, etc).
=> extend, tend, tense
- pretend (v.)
- late 14c., "to profess, assert, maintain" (a claim, etc.), "to direct (one's) efforts," from Old French pretendre "to lay claim," from Latin praetendere "stretch in front, put forward, allege," from prae "before" (see pre-) + tendere "to stretch," from PIE root *ten- "to stretch" (see tend).
Main modern sense of "feign, put forward a false claim" is recorded from c. 1400; the older sense of simply "to claim" is behind the string of royal pretenders (1690s) in English history. Meaning "to play, make believe" is recorded from 1865. In 17c. pretend also could mean "make a suit of marriage for," from a sense in French. Related: Pretended; pretending.
- pretend (n.)
- "fact of pretending," 1888, from children's talk, from pretend (v.). Earlier in same sense was verbal noun pretending (1640s).
- 1. The children pretend to be different animals dancing to the music.
- 2. We won't pretend we savour the prospect of a month in prison.
- 3. It would be idle to pretend the system is perfect.
- 4. Within this lecture I cannot pretend to deal adequately with dreams.
- 5. I pretend that things are really okay when they're not.
[ pretend 造句 ]